Talkvenda         Ndaa!/Aa!

Talk Tshivenda all the way

Nga lubuvhisia luno, kha ri tikedzane u itela uri luambo lwashu lu si ri ponyoke ra vho xedza mvelelo yashu. Ndaa!/Aa!

Na rine thindi ri ya mila, ri ri dada la u luma, tshivhavhala tsha shango, vele la mbeu, damba-ntshekwa lina sege, maganu a nemeneme, tshiulu tsha madini, iwe une wari ifa nda fa muhali, ndee! ndee!/ Aa!. Nga urali ri luvha mahosi na vhalanda vha  venda. Mbilaluma, Khakhamela, Mavu a venda, Ndaa!/Aa!
Thaluso
Kha luvenda rina maipfi a nyamba huvhili hune henefho zwa vha zwa ndeme uri muthu a divhe uri ipfi lenelo li shumiswa nga ndila-de. Sa tsumbo ,thambo , huna thambo ya mutshelo, thambo ya u vhofha khuni, na thambo yau ramba.

Aa!... ndi u lumelisa ha wa Tshifumakadzini/ for a woman

Ndaa!...Ndi ndumeliso ya wa Tshinnani/ for a man

Ndi Matsheloni = Morning
Ndi Masiari = Afternoon
Ndi madekwana = Evening
Hu ita hani? = How are you?
Ri ne ri hone ri humbela ngeo = Fine thank you and how are you?
Ndi zwone = good bye
Ndo Livhuwa = Thank you
Ni pfi nnyi? = What is your name?
Ri bva nga nga fhi? = which direction to take?


Tsumbo dza minwedzi


Phando = January
Luhuhi = February
Thafamuhwe = March
Lambamai = April
Shundunthule = May
Fulwi = June
Fulwana = July
Thangule = August
Khubvumedzi = September
Tshimedzi = October
Lara = November
Nyendavhusiku = December


Khalanwaha

Tshilimo = Summer
Tshifhefho = Automn
Vhuriha = Winter
Lutavula = Spring
Lubuvhusia = website
Nwaha = Year
Nwedzi = Month
Vhege = Week
Duvha = Day
Iri = hour

Muthethe = Minute


Venda Dictionary



Mvelele
Luambo lwa Luvenda luna nyaluwo yalwo. Nyaluwo yeneyo i katela u sikiwa ha maipfi maswa; zwihulwane siani la zwa tekhinologi. Luvenda na lwone lu tea u vha na maipfi ane a tea u shumiswa sa a Tshivenda u amba tshithu tsho bveledzwaho.Sa tsumbo Telephone hune Vhavenda vho tendelana uri ndi lutingo,cellphone ine ranga i vhidza lutingo thendeleki na manwe maipfi manzhi.

MAAMBELE MURERO/FIGARA DZA MUAMBO

Maambele murero ndi ndila ine vhathu vha amba ngayo musi vha tshi todou sumbedza uri zwine vha khou zwi amba zwi na ndeme. Maambele murero ayo ndi a tevhelaho:

 

Lifanyisi

Ndi figara ya muambo i vhambedzaho tshithu na tshinwe. Lifanyisi li shumisa zwiipfi zwi ngaho sa sa, no nga na u nga.

Tsumbo:
-U na luvhilo lu no nga lwa ntsa (u ya gidimesa)
-Vha la sa dzinguluvhe (vha la nga ndila i si ya vhudi)
-O khwatha u nga nguluvhe (o khwathesa)

 

Limethafore

Liambele murero ili li a li tou fanyisa, hone li tou bula zwithu kana vhathu nga zwenezwo zwine vha khou fanyiswa nazwo.

Tsumbo:
-Matodzi u tou vha nguluvhe (U na vhuada sa nguluvhe)
-Milenzhe yawe ndi ya mphogoli (yo lapfesa)

Litatathino/Linakisedzi

Ndi ndila ya u bula zwithu zwi si zwavhudi kana zwi vhaisaho nga ndila ya vhudi. Hu nakisedzwa zwithu zwine ra tata u zwi bula.

Tsumbo:
-Ha hawe vho bika nga khulu (Hu na lufu)
-Mukalaha vho farekaneha (Vha khou lwala)
-Vhabebi vhawe vho takala (Vho kambiwa)

Linanedzi/Phirisedzi

Linanedzi li shuma u amba zwithu nga ndila ya u tou nanisa. Tshithu tshi itwa tshihulwane u fhirisa zwine tsha vha zwone.

Tsumbo:
-Musidzana uyu ndi thase (O nakesa)
-Vha tangana hatsi a vhu nga meli (Vha do lwa)
-O fhufha a nanzwa makole (O fhufhesa vhukuma)

 

Liimeli

Afha tshipida tsha tshithu tshi swika hune tsha imela itsho tshithu tshothe, kana tshithu tshothe tsha imela tshipida tshatsho

Tsumbo:
-Ha nga furi ngauri milomo ndi minzhi (ndi vhanzhi)
-Uyu ha na zwanda (u ya bvafha)
-O tswa danga lothe (o tswa kholomo dzothe)

 

Livhuvhisi


Livhuvhisi li shumisa dzina li re na vhushaka na tshithu tshine ha khou ambwa ngatsho. Hu vhuvhiswa tshithu nga u amba dzina la tshine tsha vha na vhushaka natsho.

Tsumbo:
-Vha do tuwa nga Phadziri (nga bisi ya ha Phadziri)
-Khali i khou vhila (zwi re ngomu ha khali zwi khou vhila)
-Ro vhala Marole (bugu ya Vho Marole)

 

Liedzamuthu/Lifanyamuthu

Afha tshithu tshi si muthu tshi mbo fhiwa maitele a muthu. Ndi hune wa wana mulambo wo no vha na milenzhe

Tsumbo:
-Duvha li tota tombo (duvha li a fhisa)
-Tshienda tshanga tsho neta (tsho tahala)

 

Muhoyo

-Ndi munna nge a ambara marukhu (u na zwiito zwa vhasadzi)
-Ndi muthu nge a shaya mutshila (u tshila sa phukha)

 

Tshigodo

-Ni tou vha ndele vhukuma (ngeno e na vhuada)
Ndi ene a shumesaho (ngeno a tshi bvafha)

 

 

MAIDIOMA (IDIOMS)

Maidioma ndi maipfi kana mafhungo ane a tshi bulwa a si tou bvela khagala. Nga inwe ndila ri nga tou ri ndi maipfi kana mafhungo o dzumbamaho.

Tsumbo: LIIDIOMA THALUTSHEDZO

U kokota tshidudu

U dzhia zwa mme

U rwa fhasi

U sa wana tshithu

U vha na dikitela

U vha na zwi u vhaisaho mbiluni

U doba lufhanga

U wa

U lalela luvhondo

U lala u songo la

Thavha yo swa

Musi muthu o vheulwa

Zwi bva mikandoni

Musi muthu o dzhiela zwa mme

Dunzi lo fhufha

Musi vhulwadze ho fhola

Mapfene o tsitsa vhana

Musi ho takaliwa hu si na khakhathi

Khuhu i tevhela muthu

Musi hu na ndala mudini

Ndi mukushavhayaho

Muthu a itisaho vhanwe zwine a si ite

 

 MAKATELI

LIKATELI THALUTSHEDZO

Tshifhango

Mvula i naho na matombo matshena

Tanzhe

Nwana wa u thoma u bebwa mudini

Khundavhalai

Nwana a sa thetshelesi vhabebi

Mabokoliko

Mavhele o sinaho

Phalaphathwa

Musidzana a sa athu u tunga madamu

Mugoba

Nowa ya thavha

Galatshane

Sefo i bvisaho na mase

Dzothwa

Kholomo ya nduna ya muvhala wa lutombo

Mutakulo

Halwa vhu nwiwaho nga vhasidzana na vhathannga

Gulu

Mashonzha a u thoma u batwa

 

NYAMBAHUVHILI/NYAMBAHUNZHI (HOMONYMS)

 

Nyambahuvhili/nyambahunzhi ndi ipfi line la amba zwithu zwivhili kana zwinzhi zwo fhambanaho.

Tsumbo; Vhenga: U vhenga zwiito zwa muthu /U vhenga nama ya kholomo

Vhila: U vhila ha madi / U vhila ha mabundu / U vhila ha u sinyuwa/

U vhila mulandu kana tshelede

Sevha: U sevha mafhungo / U sevha nga muroho

Silinga: U silinga ha nwana /Ha musi muthu a tshi tshitshitea /Ha vhuloi

Guma: U guma swigiri / Guma la notshi / U guma ha bada

Dzinga: U dzinga ndevhe / U dzinga vhukunda / Dzinga la nowa

Mala: Mala a thumbuni / U mala musadzi

Pfa: U pfa mare / Upfa ha u thetshela / U pfa ha u thetshelesa

Thanga: Ya murole / Ya muroho / Ya mafhuri

Fhola: U fhola ha vhulwadze / U fhola ha zwiliwa /

   

MADZINA (nouns)

Dzina ndi ipfi line la shumiswa u vhidza vhathu na zwithu zwinwe na zwinwe

TSHAKA DZA MADZINA

Dzina vhukuma > Maemu/Netotolo/Tshakhuma

Dzina zwalo > mmbwa/mulambo/tshigodelo

Dzina ngelekanyo/khumbulelwa > vhudele/vhushai/vhutsila

Dzina gute > murivha/guma/mutshotshonono/sambi/tshigwada

Dzina mbumbano > nguluvhedaka/nndwakhulu/tshikandamarukhu

TSHAKA DZA THANGI DZA MADZINA (NOUN CLASSES)

Lushaka lwa:

1 na 2 > Mu-_ Vha- > Muthu _Vhathu/Mukegulu_Vhakegulu

1(a) na 2(a) > Vhunzhi ha Vho- > Malume_Vhomalume/Khotsi_Vhokhotsi

3 na 4 > Mu-_Mi- > Murambo_Mirambo/Mukulo_Mikulo/Nwaha_Minwaha

5 na 6 > Li-_Ma- > Linngo_Manngo/Kole_Makole/Dodo_Madodo

7 na 8 > Tshi-_Zwi- > Tshienda_Zwienda/Tshivalo_Zwivalo

9 na 10 > Ni-_Dzi- > Nngu_Dzinngu/Mmbwa_Dzimmbwa/Bodo_Dzibodo

11 na 14 > Lu-_Vhu- > Lusunzi_Vhusunzi/Lufu(11 fhedzi)/Vhuada(14 fhedzi)

13 > Ka- > Kana (nwana)/Kabudzi (mbudzi)

20 > Ku-(Zwi-)> Kulabi_Zwilabi/Kusidzana_Zwisidzana

21 > Di(d yo swayiwaho) ditsi (i bvaho kha mutsi)/danda (i bvaho kha thanda)

 

Maiti (verbs)

Liiti

MADUNGO A MAITI

a) Maiti a dungo lithihi:

ka - O ka madi

nwa - Maemu u khou nwa madi

bva - Ro bva tshothe

b) Maiti a madungo mavhili

lila - Vho lila vhusiku hothe

bika - U khou bika vhuswa

vhofha - Ndi do vhofha nga thambo

c) Maiti a madungo mararu

rabela - U rabela vhusiku na masiari

tambula - Vhathu vha khou di tambula

zanyuka - O fhira a tshi tou zanyuka

d) Maiti a madungo mana

rembulusa - Ndo rembulusa nwana

thetshelesa - Ndi tshifhinga tsha u thetshelesa mafhungo

pandamedza - U pandamedza zwisusu

e) Maiti a madungo matanu

rahekanyesa - U rahekanyesa mabai musi o edela

gidimesesa - Vha gidimesesa musi vhe na ndala

dzwigimedzela - O dzwigimedzela vhulungu hawe kule

MITSHILA YA MAITI

a) Liitisa : shuma + -isa > shumisa

b) Liitela : fhata + -ela > fhatela

c) Liitea : bvula + -ea > bvulea

d) Liitiwa/Liiti-itwa : renga + -iwa > rengiwa > rengwa

e) Liitana : ramba + -ana > rambana

f) Liitesa : swa + -esa > swesa

g) Liitolola : vhofha + -olola > vhofholola

h) Liitulula : hunga + -ulula > hungulula

i) Lidiiti/Liiti-diiti : di- + funa > difuna

 

Madadzisi (adverbs)

Lidadzisi ndi ipfi li dadzisaho zwi ambiwaho nga nyito.

TSHAKA DZA MADADZISI

a) Madadzisi a fhethu:

O vutshela mushumoni / Vha khou ya Tshilamba

b) Madadzisi a tshifhinga:

Ri khou tuwa zwino / U do litshiwa matshelo

c) Madadzisi a mbalo

O tswa maberegisi a fumi / Ndi lwa u thoma a tshi fariwa

d) Madadzisi a vhunzhi

Zwienda zwothe zwo kheruwa / A si kanzhi u tshi wana a tshi khou lila

e) Madadzisi a maitele

Vhothe vha amba nga u ongolowa / O mu fhindula nga vhulenda

 

Masala (pronouns)

Aya ndi maipfi a shumaho na dzina kana a ima vhuimoni ha dzina. A vhumbwa nga mudzi na mutshila.

1. Masala Vhukuma (True Pronouns)

a) Muthu wa u thoma

Tsumbo: nne (vhuthihi) > rine (vhunzhi)

b) Muthu wa vhuvhili

Tsumbo: iwe (vhuthihi) > inwi (vhunzhi)

c) Muthu wa vhuraru

Tsumbo: ene (vhuthihi) > vhone (vhunzhi)

2. Masala Zwao (Ordinary Pronouns)

Tsumbo: Mukumba wone wo oma

Thambo yone yo thukhuwa

Danda lone li do wanala

Tshone tshi do wanala

kwone a ku dzindeli

Luvhone lwone lu do dzima .

3. Masala Masumbi (Demonstrative Pronouns)

Tsumbo

VHUIMO I (a)

VHUIMO I (b)

VHUIMO II

VHUIMO III

Muthu

uno

uyu

uyo

ula

Zwiliwa

zwino

izwi

izwo

zwila

Lulabi

luno

ulu

ulwo

lula

Miri

ino

iyi

iyo

ila

Vhurukhu

vhuno

uvhu

uvho

vhula

4. Masala Maitimataluli/Vhushaka (Relative Pronouns)

Tsumbo: Vhathu vhane vha rengisa

Kholomo ine ya dzwala

Tshienda tshine penya

Kuduna kune kwa dzindela

5. Masala Vhune (Possessive Pronouns)

Tsumbo: Ndi bugu yanga

Kholomo dzashu dzo xela

Mbudzi yanu yo wanala

Ndi zwavho zwothe

6. Masala Vhunzhi (Quantitative Pronouns)

Tsumbo: Vho vhuya vhothe

Zwothe ro zwi dzhia

Ndo mu rwa ndi ndothe

 

Mamudi (moods)

TSHAKA DZA MAMUDI

1. Limudi la gonelo: Li sumbedza u nga itea ha zwithu.Kanzi izwi ri zwi vhona nga nga

Tsumbo: Tshivule a nga vhuya / Ramakuela a nga si do sea

2. Limudi la tsumbo: Li amba uri tshithu tshi khou u itea. Limudi ili li a ima nga lothe.

Tsumbo: Ri bva murohoni / A vha ofhi Tshithavhane

3. Limudi la dzina-liiti: Li vhonala nga U (thangi ya dzina) na liiti (sa i longelwa musi limudi li kha khanedza).

Tsumbo: U imba, hu a difha / U sa levha a hu rwisi

4. Limudi la ndaela: Li tou laela musi li tshi bveledza zwine la amba

Tsumbo: Ibvani ni shavhe / Shumani uri ni fhedze.

5. Limudi la tshitevheli: Li shuma na limudi la tsumbo u itela uri zwine la khou amba zwi pfalese. Ndi ngazwo li tshi anzela u da nga murahu ha litanganyi, vhunga li nga si kone u ima nga lothe.

Tsumbo: Ndi pfa vhutungu arali ni tshi tamba / Ndi tshi shuma, ndi a hola.

6. Limudi la thendelo: Li shumisa litanganyi uri la fhedzisela nga pfalandothe -e kana -a. Li sumbedza u itea ha tshithu kana uri ndi ngani hu tshi tea u itea itsho tshithu.

Tsumbo: Ri do vhala uri ri phase / U nwa halwa uri a do semana

7. Limudi la thevhekano: Li tou anetshela, nahone li dovha la ditika nga manwe mamudi.

Tsumbo: O tshenuwa, a lila, a edela / O do kangwa, a levha, a rwiwa

 

MATALULI (Adjectives)

Litaluli ndi ipfi line la talula dzina fhungoni

Tsumbo: Munna mulapfu o swika

O renga modoro muhulu

Vho gwalabela u fhiwa zwiliwa zwituku

Ho valwa nga ligethe lihulu

Vha mu sea musi o ambara vhurukhu vhudala na maswogisi matswuku

 

Masumbafhethu (locatives)

Lisumbafhethu li sumba fhethu hu ambwaho ngaho uri ndi ngafhi.

Tsumbo: U ha makhulu awe

O wela kha luwa

Vhothe vho bebelwa fhano

Ro vutshela murohoni

Ndo swika Tshandama nda tou mangala

Avha vha bva tsini

Mabulafhethu a dovha a vhumbwa nga thangi idzi:

ku- > Vho shavhela kule

mu- > U do ya murahu

fha- > Tshe a tsela fhasi ha athu u vhuya

  

Makhathi/Zwifhinga (tenses)

1. Tshifhinga tsho fhiraho (Past tense)

Tsumbo: Ndo mu vhudza

Ro baleliwa

A tho ngo mu wana

A vho ngo mu vulela

2. Tshifhinga tsha zwino (Present tense)

Tsumbo: Ndi khou vhala

Vha kha di tamba

A thi imbi nyimbo

A vha tsha funana

3. Tshifhinga tshi daho (Future tense)

Tsumbo: U do mu wana

Vha kha di do lwa

A thi nga tsha tuwa

Ri nga si do pembela

 

Matanganyi (conjuctives)

Mushumo wa litanganyi ndi u tanganya mafhungo kana maipfi mavhili.

1. U tanganya mafhungo

Tsumbo: Vha do mu kaidza arali a sa pfi

Ri do zwi nwa musi ri tshi swika

Ndo badela fhedzi a tho ngo wana tshithu

O gama mavhudzi ngeno a sa athu u tamba

U tea u swika ngauri o lindelwa

Ni nga i dzhia tenda na i fara zwavhudi

Ri do i fhata naho masheleni a siho

Ni fanela u mu fha nahone nga mbilu tshena

2. U tanganya maipfi

Tsumbo: Mulilo na vhutsi / Tshilidzi na Khathutshelo / Bere na donngi / Tshino na tshila

 

Mbofho (copulatives)

MBOFHO YA:

* Limudi la tsumbo (arali khalo ya fhungo lothe i fhasi)

* Limudi la tshitevheli (arali khalo ya fhungo lothe i ntha)

1. Thaluso

Tsumbo: Ndi Muhulisei

Ndi musidzana

2. Thalulo

Tsumbo: Ndi mudenya

Ndi mutuku

3. Liiti

Tsumbo: Ndi vha mukololo

Vha vha vhashai

4. Mvelaphanda

Tsumbo: Ndi tshee lutshetshe

Vha tshee mulwadze

 

Manyanyu (idiophones)

Linyanyu li dadzisa zwine nyito ya amba. Hu na tshaka mbili dza manyanyu. Idzo ndi dzine dza vha:

1. Manyanyunyanyu

Tsumbo: Ho tshena he mboo!

Madi a rothola a tou thwee!

Mudededzi vho fhumudza vhagudi vhe duu!

Madi o tswuka a tou pilivhili!

Tshiduna tsha muvhili tsho wela fhasi tshe bii!

2. Manyanyu-maiti

Tsumbo: O bata nzie e bati!

Vho phamula bola ye phamu!

Ndo sunguvhela madini nde sunguvhe!

Nowa yo fhelela mulindini ye fhelele!

Magarukela (exclamations)

Ligarukela ndi ipfi li sumbedzaho u karukana ha muthu arali o takala, a tshi pfa vhutungu, a tshi mangala na musi a tshi holedza.

MISHUMO YA / TSHAKA DZA MAGARUKELA

1. U pfela vhutungu

Tsumbo: Vhannani! / Vha hashu! / Tshukhwi! / Nandii!

2. U holedza

Tsumbo: Nyelise! / Koto! / Shonee!

3. U sumbedza dakalo

Tsumbo: Ahaa! / Ahee! / Ahee! ahelelee! / Ahaa! Ahalalaa!

4. U sumbedza u mangala

Tsumbo: Tshukhwii! / Yuwii! / Haa!

 

Maaravhi

Liaravhi ndi ipfi li shumiswaho musi muthu a tshi tenda kana u aravha nga murahu ha musi o vhidzwa kana u ambiwa nae.

Tsumbo: Ndaa!

Aa!

Ii!

Ee!

Ea!

Hoo!

Mm!

A-si-zwo!

Khezwo!

A-ni-vhoni-ha!

A-ni-pfi!

Soni!

Mushavhi!

U hanedza

Tsumbo: Hai!

Ebo!

Na khathihi!

 

PHOLISEMI (POLYSEMY)

Pholisemi ndi kushumisele kwa ipfi lithihi mafhungoni o fhambanaho, nga ndila dzo fhambanaho.

Tsumbo: Ndevhe > Swalivha ha na ndevhe (ha thetshelesi a tshi kaidzwa).

> Ndevhe ya Mutoti i khou vhavha.

Mulomo > Thovhakale u na mulomo, ni songo ambesa, a nga bula zwiphirizwothe.

> Mukhumo o rwiwa mulomo wa zwimba.

Mutodo > Thiya o nwalisa mutodo vhengeleni

> Mutodo wa Munyai wo fhirea

Mulenzhe > Mulaudzi u na mulenzhe, ndi ngazwo a sa sokou wanala

> Mashau o fhirea mulenzhe wa monde

Maluvhi > Nemulenga o bveledza pfunzo dzawe ngauri u na maluvhi

> Maluvhi a muthu ndi matshena

 

 

 

Venda alphabet


A a B b (C c) D d Ḓ ḓ E e F f G g H h I i (J j)

K k L l Ḽ ḽ M m N n Ṋ ṋ Ṅ ṅ O o P p (Q q) R r
S s T t Ṱ ṱ U u V v W w X x Y y Z z

C, J and Q are used only in foreign words and names.
Khari Gude Luambo Lwa Tshivenda 

Tshivenda is a very simple language. Most people think you first have to be educated before you can speak Tshivenda which is not true.
Tshivenda ndi Luambo lu leluwaho vhukuma. Vhathu vhanzhi vha humbula uri khamusi u amba Tshivenda zwi tea u thoma zwa yelwa tshikoloni.

These are the words you can start with
GREETINGS (NDUMELISO)


Ndaa: Hello (said by a man)

Aa: hello (said by a woman)
Ndi matsheloni: morning
Ndi matsheloni avhudi: Good morning
Hu ita hani: How are you/ How zit
Ndo vuwa: I am fine /I am okay
TIMES (ZWIFHINGA) / QUESTIONS (MBUDZISO) 

Mulovha: Yesterday
Namusi: Today
Matshelo: Tomorrow
Mbamatshelo: day after tomorrow
Mbamulovha: day before yesterday

Dzina lanu ndi nnyi: What is your name
Dzina langa ndi Patrick: my name is Patrick
Langa ndi tshidino: my name is Tshidino

Idai: come
Tuwani: go
Mutukana: a boy
Vhatukana: boys
Musidzana: a girl
Vhasidzana: girls
Musadzi: a woman
Vhasadzi: women
Munna: a man
Vhanna: men
Mukegulu: an old woman
Vhakegulu: old women
Mukalaha: old man
Vhakalaha: old men
Makhulu tshinna: grandfather
Makhulu tshidadzi: grandmother
Tshikolo: school
Zwikolo: schools
Yunivesithi: University
Gudedzi/kholidzhi: college
Nwana: baby/kid/child
Kwata: angry

OTHERS (ZWINWE) 

Jump: fhufha
Hangwa: forget
Runda: urinate
See: vhona
King: khosi
Makhulu tshinna: grand father
Makhulu tshisadzi: grand mother
Mavu: soil
Bammbiri: paper
Tshilonda: sore
Khofheni: face
Maraho: buttocs
Vhurukhu: trousers
Tshikhipha: T-shirt
Hemmbe: shirt
Badzhi: jucket
Mavhudzi: hair
Mato: eyes
Ningo: nose
Mulomo: mouth

Ndala: hungry
Vhona: see
Tthetshelesa: hear/listen
Kwama: touch
Hwala: carry
Humbula: think/remember
Thetshela: taste
Vhudzekani: sex
Nwa: drink
Tshimbila: walk
Gidima: run
La: eat
Binya: rape
Thambulo: suffering
Pfuma: rich
Poor: tambula
Runda: urinate

Meme(dza mulomo): lips (of mouth)
Dzula: sit
Chudzulo: seat
Tshidulo: chair
Hembela: ask
Dzima: refuse/deny
Tumba: squat
Raha: kick
Kanda: trap
Gidima: run
Tshimbila: walk
Mudi: home
Nndu: house
Tshitanga: kitchen
Thanga: roof(of a house)
Damu: breast
Tshienda: shoe(s)
Bunga: toilet
Mulindi/dindi: pit/hole
Liutingo: phone
Thumbu: stomach or pregnancy
Ndebvu: beards
Phanda: forehead
Vhudzimu: genitals(man/woman)
Talk Tshivenda All The Way
Vhavenda vha wanala kha la Limpopo

Maipfi Maswa a Tshivenda.

Welcome to our online Venda language resources. Here you can access specialist terminology, developed on technical translation projects. We also provide the basics for using local languages in business or with colleagues and friends. Nothing demonstrates your goodwill and a genuine desire to communicate more than speaking someone's language.

Navigation: Use the language chart on the right to choose another South African language. International access to local languages is supported using Google Translate at the top of the page.

To navigate to our translator services or terminology for Venda click on a link below.
Click on your language (Source: Census 2011*)isiZuluisiXhosaSiswatiisiNdebeleSesothoSesotho saLeboaSetswanaTshivenḓaXitsongaAfrikaansEnglish23.2%16.3%9.8%13.7%8.2%9.3%7.7%
English
 
Venda Translation ServicesFollow us on Google+
Greetings & ConversationVenda Months
Venda Names Colours
Famous QuotesDays of the Week
Legal TerminologyMeasurements of Time
Sales & MarketingMedical Terminology
Personal Details Environmental Terminology
Mathematical TerminologyCounting in Venda
Education - Textbook UnitsSchool Subjects
MeasurementsBanking
11 National LanguagesDemographics: Statistics SA*
  
Venda Greetings & Conversation (informal and formal)
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
Hello / Hi (informal email) (conversational: all times of the day)♀ Aa / ♂ Ndaa
MorningNdi matseloni
AfternoonNdi masiari
Good eveningNdi madekwana
How are you?Vho vuwa hani?
I am fine, thank youNe ndo takala vhukuma
Thank youRo livhuwa / Ndo livhuwa
What's your name?Zina lavho ndi nnyi?
My name is...Zina langa ndi...
GoodbyeKha vha sale zwavhudi
Dear... (formal letter or email)Ha...
Yours Sincerely... (formal letter or email)Wavho a Funeaho...
Merry ChristmasḒuvha ḽa mabebo a Murena ḽavhuḓi
Season's GreetingsNi vhe na nwaha wavhuḓi
  
English to Venda Translations for Colours
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
BlackMutswu
WhiteMutshena
GreyMuseṱha
BlueLutombo
GreenMudala
YellowṰaḓa
OrangeSwiri
RedMutswuku
MaroonMeruni
BrownBuraweni
PinkPinki
 
English to Venda Translations for Directions
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
NorthDevhula
SouthTshipembe
EastVhubvaduvha
WestVhukovhela
  
Venda Days of the Week
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
SundaySwondaha
MondayMusumbuluwo
TuesdayḼavhuvhili
WednesdayḼavhuraru
ThursdayḼavhuṋa
FridayḼavhuṱanu
SaturdayMugivhela
 
Venda Months of the Year
EnglishVenda
JanuaryPhando
FebruaryLuhuhi
MarchṰhafamuhwe
AprilLambamai
MayShundunthule
JuneFulwi
JulyFulwana
AugustṰhangule
SeptemberKhubvumedzi
OctoberTshimedzi
NovemberḼara
DecemberNyendavhusiku
 
English to Venda Translations for Measurements of Time
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
secondmuthethe
minuteminete
minutesdziminete
hourawara
hoursdziawara
dayḓuvha
daysmaḓuvha
weekvhege
weeksdzivhege
monthṅwedzi
monthsmiṅwedzi
yearṅwaha
yearsmiṅwaha
yesterdaymulovha
todayṋamusi
tomorrowmatshelo
  
Venda Medical Translation
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
HIVHIV
human immunodeficiency virustshitshi phenyamasole a muvhili
childn'wana
infantlutshetshe
birth weighttshilemem tsha mabebo
sexmbeu
deathlufu
sanitationvhuthathazwitzhili
handicapzwikundisi
disabilityvhuholefhali
  
Venda Legal Translation
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
LegalMulayo
questionnairembudzisombekanywa
marital statustshimo tsha vhudzekani
singleu sa dzhiwa
relationshipvhushaka
partnermufarisi
marriedvhingwa
separatedfhandekanaho
divorcedṱalana
widowtshilikadzi
widowermunna o felwaho
place of birthhethu ha mabebo
residencevhudzulo
occupationmushumo
employedhirwaho
racemurafho
religionvhurereli
population grouplushaka
gendermbeu
investigationtsenguludzo
plaintiffmuhweleli
resolved casefhungoladzwa
unresolved casefhungo tshayandadzwa
proxymuimeli
votemugaganyo
 
English to Venda Translations for Personal Details
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
ContactAne a kwamiwa
TelLuṱingo
FaxFekisi
EmailImeiḽi
PostalḒiresi ya Poswo
 
English to Venda Translations for Banking Details
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
[being translated][being translated]
 
English to Venda Translations for Marketing & Promotional Material
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
[being translated][being translated]
 
English to Venda Translations for Mathematical Terminology
English to Venda Translations for Numerals 1-100
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
onethihi
twombili
threeraru
fouriṋa
fiveṱhanu
sixrathi
sevensumbe
eightmalo
nineṱahe
tenfumi
elevenfuminthihi
twelvefumimbili
thirteenfumiraru
fourteenfumiṋa
fifteenfumiṱhanu
sixteenfumirathi
seventeenfumisumbe
eighteenfumimalo
nineteenfumiṱahe
twentyfumbili
twenty onefumbilithihi
twenty twofumbilimbili
twenty threefumbiliraru
twenty fourfumbiliiṋa
twenty fivefumbiliṱhanu
twenty sixfumbilirathi
twenty sevenfumbilisumbe
twenty eightfumbilimalo
twenty ninefumbiliṱahe
thirtyfuraru
thirty onefuraruithihi
thirty twofuraruimbili
thirty threefuraruiraru
thirty fourfuraruiiṋa
thirty fivefuraruiṱhanu
thirty sixfuraruirathi
thirty sevenfuraruisumbe
thirty eightfuraruimalo
thirty ninefuraruiṱahe
fortyfuiṋa
forty onefuiṋathihi
forty twofuiṋambili
forty threefuiṋararu
forty fourfuiṋaiṋa
forty fivefuiṋaṱhanu
forty sixfuiṋarathi
forty sevenfuiṋasumbe
forty eightfuiṋamalo
forty ninefuiṋaṱahe
fiftyfuṱhanu
fifty onefuṱhanuthihi
fifty twofuṱhanumbili
fifty threefuṱhanuraru
fifty fourfuṱhanuiṋa
fifty fivefuṱhanuṱhanu
fifty sixfuṱhanurathi
fifty sevenfuṱhanusumbe
fifty eightfuṱhanumalo
fifty ninefuṱhanuṱahe
sixtyfurathi
sixty onefurathithihi
sixty twofurathimbili
sixty threefurathiraru
sixty fourfurathiiṋa
sixty fivefurathiṱhanu
sixty sixfurathirathi
sixty sevenfurathisumbe
sixty eightfurathimalo
sixty ninefurathiṱahe
seventyfusumbe
seventy onefusumbethihi
seventy twofusumbembili
seventy threefusumberaru
seventy fourfusumbeiṋa
seventy fivefusumbeṱhanu
seventy sixfusumberathi
seventy sevenfusumbesumbe
seventy eightfusumbemalo
seventy ninefusumbeṱahe
eightyfumalo
eighty onefumalothihi
eighty twofumalombili
eighty threefumaloraru
eighty fourfumaloiṋa
eighty fivefumaloṱhanu
eighty sixfumalorathi
eighty sevenfumalosumbe
eighty eightfumalomalo
eighty ninefumaloṱahe
ninetyfuṱahe
ninety onefuṱahethihi
ninety twofuṱahembili
ninety threefuṱaheraru
ninety fourfuṱaheiṋa
ninety fivefuṱaheṱhanu
ninety sixfuṱaherathi
ninety sevenfuṱahesumbe
ninety eightfuṱahemalo
ninety ninefuṱaheṱahe
one hundredḓana
 
English to Venda Translations for Publishing Terminology
English to Venda Translations for School Books
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
Teacher’s GuideGaidi ya Mugudisi
Learner’s BookBugu ya Mugudi
WorkbookBugu ya Mushumo
GradeGireidi
  
English to Venda Translations for Publishing - School Subjects
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
Arts and CultureVhutsila na Mvelele
Economic and Management SciencesSaintsi dza Ikonomi na Ndangulo
Life OrientationPfunzo ya zwa Vhutshilo
Life SkillsVhutsila kha zwa Vhutshilo
LiteracyḼitheresi
MathematicsMetse
NumeracyNumeresi
Natural SciencesSaintsi dza Mupo
Social SciencesSaintsi dza zwa Matshilisano
  
 
English to Venda Translations for Publishing - Textbook Units
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
TermKotara
UnitYuniti
UnitsDziyuniti
ActivityMushumo
LessonNgudo
pagesiaṱari
pagesmasiaṱari
  
English to Venda Translations for Publishing - Curriculum Headings
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
AssessmentNdingo
Informal AssessmentU linga ha Inifomala 
Classroom managementNdangulo ya kilasi
Programme of AssessmentMbekanyamushumo ya u Linga
ResourcesZwishumiswa
Learning ProgrammeMbekanyamushumo dza u Guda
Systemic assessmentNdingo ya sistemiki
IntegrationThanganelo
  
 
English to Venda Translations for Mathematical Operators
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
additionṱanganyisa
subtractionu ṱusa
multiplicationmuandiso
divisionmukovho
 
English to Venda Translations for Units of Measurement
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
lengthvhunavha
litreḽithara
litresdziḽithara
metremitha
hectarehekitara
RandsDzirannda
CentsDzisenthe
 
English to Venda Translations for Mathematical Objects
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
objecttshithu
circletshitengeledzi
circlesnkgokolo
squaretshikwea
triangleṱhofunḓeraru
cylindersilinda
rectanglekhuḓanḓeina
spheretshipulumbu
 
English to Venda Translations for Mathematical Measurements
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
sizemuelo
sidesmasia/lurumbu
cornerkhuḓa
symmetryndinganahuvhili
 
English to Venda Translations for Venda Technology Vocabulary
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
cellphoneseḽefouni
computerkhomphiyutha
laptopḽepithopho
mousemausu
wirelesswaiḽese
printerphrinthara
cablekhebuḽu
 
English to Venda Translations for Environmental Terminology
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORKFUREMIWEKE YA VHULANGULI HA MUPO
NOTIFICATION OF REVIEW OF DRAFT STATUS QUO REPORTNḒIVHADZO YA TSEDZULUSO YA MVETOMVETO YA MUVHIGO WA TSHIIMO TSHA ZWINO
BACKGROUNDSIANGANE
PUBLIC PARTICIPATIONU SHELA MULENZHE HA TSHITSHAVHA
CONTACT PERSONANE A KWAMIWA
The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA)Muhasho wa zwa Mupo (DEA)
Environment and Tourism (LDEDET)Mupo na Vhuendelamashango (LDEDET)
National Environmental Management Act (Act No. 107 of 1998)Mulayo wa Vhulanguli ha Mupo wa Lushaka (Mulayo wa vhu 107 wa 1998)
  
English to Venda Translations for Schools Vocabulary Wordlist
EnglishTshivenḓa (Venda)
calendarkhalenda
teaspoontshilebula
bar codebaakhoudu
questionmbudziso
answerphindulo
crayonsdzikhirayoni
gamesmitambo
schooltshikolo
plantszwimela
livestockzwifuwo
municipalitymasipala
 
English to Venda Translations for Famous Quotes & Proverbs
Nelson Mandela: "If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.""Arali na amba na muthu nga luambo lune a lu pfesesa, zwi ya ṱhohoni yawe. Arali na amba na muthu nga luambo lwawe, zwi ya mbiluni yawe."
Seneca: "If you wish to be loved, love.""Arali ni tshi ṱoḓa u funwa, funani”
Leonard Cohen: "Lift me like an olive branch and be my homeward dove. Dance me to the end of love."“Ntakuleni sa tavhi ḽa muoḽivi ni nnyise hayani sa ḽiivha ḽo livhaho hayani. Ni tshine na nṋe u swika magumoni a lufuno.”
Mahatma Gandhi: "You must be the change you wish to see in the world.""Ni fanela u vha tshanduko ine na tama u i vhona shangoni."
Aristotle: "All who have meditated on the art of governing mankind have been convinced that the fate of empires depends on the education of youth.""Vhoṱhe vhe vha rabela nga ha kuvhusele kwa vhathu vha a zwi ḓivha uri maanḓa a muvhuso a bva kha u funzwa ha vhaswa."
Chinese Proverb: “Tell me and I'll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I'll understand.”"Na mmbudza ndi ḓo hangwa; na ntsumbedza khamusi ndi nga zwi humbula; na ndzhenisa khazwo ndi hone ndi tshi ḓo zwi pfesesa."
 
Venda Given Names and their Meanings (Note most Venda names are unisex)
Meaning in EnglishVenda Women's Names
RememberHumbulani
FaithFulufhelo
GiftTshifhiwa
  
Meaning in EnglishVenda Men's Names
SurpriseTshimangadzo
LuckyMashudu
DesireLutamo
MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 1 (SO 1)- U THETSHELESA

                                                                                                          

LUAMBO LWA HAYANILUAMBO LWO ENGEDZWAHO LWA U THOMA
U kona u thetshelesa ha vhagudi hu ita uri vha wane mafhungo, vha fhindule nga  ndila yo teaho, vha senguluse masia o fhambanaho a vhutshilo na uri vha diphine.

Vhagudi vha tea u bveledza na u shumisa vhutsila ha u thetshelesa vhune vha da naho tshikoloni - tshipikwa hu u hulisa vhutsila havho ha u amba, u vhala, u lavhelesa, u thetshelesa na u nwala. Ndi nga u thetshelesa hune vhagudi vha swikela ngudo na u kona u vhumba vhushaka na vhukonani. Ndi nga u thetshelesa hune vhagudi vha engedza ndivho ya luambo lwavho, vha dovha hafhu vha vha na ndivho ya luambo na mvelele dza dzinwe tshaka.

U kona u thetshelesa ha vhagudi hu ita uri vha wane mafhungo, vha fhindule nga  ndila yo teaho, vha senguluse masia o fhambanaho a vhutshilo na uri vha diphine.

Luambo lwo engedzwaho lu re kha maimo a vhudi lu tea u thetsheleswa vhukuma nga vhagudi. U thetshelesa havho hu disa mveledziso ya vhutsila ha nyambo dzinwe dzothe.

 

 

 

 

                                            

 

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 2 (SO2) - U AMBA

                                                                                                                           

LUAMBO LWA HAYANILUAMBO LWO ENGEDZWAHO LWA U THOMA
Nga u amba vhagudi vha a kona u davhidzana vhe na vhudifhunduleli na vhukoni nga luambo masiani o fhambanaho a vhutshilo.

Vhukoni ha vhagudi ha vhudavhidzani vhu fanela u shumiswa nga ndila ine ya vha na mvelele ya nyambo dzo fhambanaho. Ndi hune vhagudi vha divha uri matshilisano na vhune zwi diswa nga u tanganelana ha dzinyambo. Vhagudi vha tea hafhu u guda u davhidzana na vhathu vha re na thaidzo ya u amba na u pfa. Izwo vha tea u zwi ita nga u sumbedza thonifho kha thodea dza avho vhathu

Nga u amba vhagudi vha a kona u davhidzana vhe na vhudifhunduleli na vhukoni nga luambo masiani o fhambanaho a vhutshilo.

Vhagudi vha fanela u shumisa ndila dzo leluwaho dza u amba nga luambo lwo engedzwaho.Ndi hune vha davhidzana, vha buda mvelele na mikano ya luambo. Vhagudi vha pfumisa vhune na matshilisano nga u guda nga tshenzhemo ndivho ya nyambo nnzhi.

 

 

                        


 

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 3 (SO3) - U VHALA NA U SEDZULUSA

                                                                                                                    

LUAMBO LWA HAYANILUAMBO LWO ENGEDZWAHO LWA U THOMA
U kona u vhala na u sedzulusa ha vhagudi hu ita uri vha wane mafhungo, vha diphine, vha fhindule nga ndila ya u sengulusa vhudi, mvelelo na u nyanyulea kha manwalwa.

U vhalela u pfesesa ndi zwithu zwa vhuthogwa vhukuma. Ndivho iyi i tea u tikedzwa nga thekiniki na maitele a thusaho vhagudi kha u vhala nga vhuronwane. Luambo, u guda u nwala kha u diphina na kha u guda nga ha shango zwi bveledzwa nga u vha hone ha u vhala - u vhala ho angaredzaho manwalwa a vhonalaho na mazhendedzi a mafhungo o fhambanaho.

U kona u vhala na u sedzulusa ha vhagudi hu ita uri vha wane mafhungo, vha diphine, vha fhindule nga ndila ya u sengulusa vhudi, mvelelo na u nyanyulea kha manwalwa.

Ndi u vhala hune ha bveledzisa luambo, ha ita uri ri gude u nwala, ha dovha hafhu ha ita uri ri kone u diphina musi ri tshi khou guda nga zwa lifhasi. Vhutsila ha u guda na u funza dzinwe nyambo zwi diswa nga u vhala mafhungo a dzenedzo nyambo.

 

 


 

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 4 (SO4) - U NWALA              

LUAMBO LWA HAYANILUAMBO LWO ENGEDZWAHO LWA U THOMA
Vhagudi vha kona u nwala tshaka dzo fhambanaho dza mafhungo ngoho na a khumbulelwa hu u itela uri vha vhe na ndivho kha zwithu zwo fhambanaho.

Vhuimoni uvhu ha fhasi vhagudi vha shuma vho livha kha mvelelo ya u nwala. Ndi hune vha guda uri u nwala hu dzhia zwine zwa ambwa, na uri ndi vhone vhane vha nwalaho zwine zwa ambwa. Zwikili zwa munwalo, u kona u rekhoda mihumbulo yavho na u vhalea hayo zwi tea u bveledzwa. Vhagudi vha tea u guda u shumisa nzulele sa mupeleto na nzudzanyo ya maipfi hu u itela uri zwe vha nwala zwi kone u pfalesa kha vhanwe vhathu.

Kha ngudo dzavho vha divha uri u nwala hu katela:     -u nwala ha u ranga

                 -u vetaveta

                 -u vusuludza

                 -u vhalulula

                 -u andadza

 

 

Vhagudi vha kona u nwala tshaka dzo fhambanaho dza mafhungo ngoho na a khumbulelwa hu u itela uri vha vhe na ndivho kha zwithu zwo fhambanaho.

Tshishumiswa tsha vhuthogwa kha u guda kharikhulamu yothe nga u angaredza ndi u nwala na u vhala. Arali vhagudi vha tshi khou tea u guda manwe masia a u guda nga luambo lwo engedzwaho, u guda u nwalwa zwavhudi nga lwonolwo luambo zwi vha zwa ndeme vhukuma

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 5 (SO5) - U HUMBULA NA U NEA MUHUMBULO                                                    Ntha

LUAMBO LWA HAYANILUAMBO LWO ENGEDZWAHO LWA U THOMA
Nga u kona u shumisa luambo ha vhagudi, vha swika hune vha kona humbula, u nea muhumbulo, u swikela maitele na u shumisa mafhungo musi vhe ngudoni dzavho.

Tshipida tsha zwitenwa zwothe zwa u guda luambo ndi hone vhutsila vhu vhonalaho kha ino mvelelo. Tshipikwa tsha uri izwi zwi vhonale sa mvelelo dzo fhambanaho na dzinwe ndi u itela u sumbedza zwa ndeme kha u bveledza luambo ho sedziwa kharikhulamu yothe. Nyambo, vhunga dzi tshi ita uri vhagudi vha kone u guda dzinwe thero dzothe, dzi taluswa sa Sia la u guda la u thoma. Tshumiswa dza luambo dza u humbula na u nea muhumbulo dzi tea u bveledzwa, u khwathiswa na u pfumbiswa nga vhadededzi. Vhutsila uvhu vhu tea u shumiswa nga vhagudi  kha masia othe a u guda.

 

Nga u kona u shumisa luambo ha vhagudi, vha swika hune vha kona humbula, u nea muhumbulo, u swikela maitele na u shumisa mafhungo musi vhe ngudoni dzavho.

Afha ndi hune vhagudi vha thoma u pfesesa zwitenwa na u guda vhutsila na ndila kha u humbula na u wana mafhungo masiani manwe avho a u guda. Arali vhagudi vha tshi khou tea u guda manwe masia a u guda nga luambo lwo engedzwaho, u guda u humbula na u nea muhumbulo zwavhudi nga lwonolwo luambo zwi vha zwa ndeme vhukuma.

 

 

 

 

 

                                        

 

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 6 (SO6) - TSHIVHUMBEO TSHA LUAMBO NA KUSHUMISELE                                                   Ntha

LUAMBO LWA HAYANILUAMBO LWO ENGEDZWAHO LWA U THOMA
Vhagudi vha nga kona u sika mafhungo na u a talutshedza, vha tshi koniswa nga vhutsila ha u shumisa maipfi, mibvumo na luambo (grammar).

Zwine vhagudi vha ita ndi u thoma u guda luambo. Izwi vha zwi swikela nga u bveledza luambo lwo kovhekanyaho kha u amba nga ha luambo, sa u shumisa matheme. Izwi zwi thusa kha u haseledza na u humbula nga ha izwo zwithu uri fhungo tswititi li vhumbwa na u khethekanywa hani na uri maipfi a peletwa hani.

Vhagudi vha nga kona u sika mafhungo na u a talutshedza, vha tshi koniswa nga vhutsila ha u shumisa maipfi, mibvumo na luambo (grammar).

Luambo lu fhatwa nga divhaipfi na girama. Uri hu vhe na vhueleli kha luambo ndi nthani ha divhaipfi. Divhaipfi i tea u vha tshone tshithu tsha u thoma u bva kha gireidi ya R u swika mafheloni a gireidi ya 9, hu u itela uri vhagudi vha kone u bveledza maimo a vhukoni kha luambo lwa hayani na lwo engedzwaho.

 

                         All this by www.tshivenda.co.za

  VHUIMO HA NTHA (SENIOR PHASE)

                                                            Murahu   

       MANWALWA O THEMENDELWAHO A GIREIDI DZA

                                             7       8    na    9  

          MVELELO DZA U GUDA LUAMBO (OUTCOMES)

                                LO 1                    LO 2

                                LO 3                   LO 4

                                LO 5                    LO 6

 

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 1 (SO 1)- U THETSHELESA              Ntha

Luambo lwa Hayani (Home Language) Luambo lwo engedzwaho lwa u thoma (First Additional Language)
U kona u thetshelesa ha vhagudi hu ita uri vha wane mafhungo, vha fhindule nga ndila yo teaho, vha senguluse masia o fhambanaho a vhutshilo na uri vha diphine.

U thetshelesa ha vhagudi mafhungo a manwalwa o fhambanaho a orala hu ita uri vha vhe na vhuombedzeli na vhusengulusi, vha nweledze, vha diphine vhe na nungo, vha rekhode na uri vha nyanyulee khao.

 

 

U kona u thetshelesa ha vhagudi hu ita uri vha wane mafhungo, vha fhindule nga ndila yo teaho, vha senguluse masia o fhambanaho a vhutshilo na uri vha diphine.

Vhagudi vha nga kona u swikela izwi nga u thetshelesa arali luambo lwo engedzwaho lu tshi khou ambiwa kha vhuimo ho teaho. U thetshelesa ndi tshone tshipikwa tshihulu tsha ndivho ntswa ya luambo. Ndivho iyo i nga vha ya girama, divhaipfi, maambele, mvelele na matshilisano.

 

                                                           

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 2 (SO2) - U AMBA                   

Luambo lwa Hayani (Home Language) Luambo lwo engedzwaho lwa u thoma (First Additional Language)
 

Nga u amba vhagudi vha a kona u davhidzana vhe na vhudifhunduleli na vhukoni nga luambo masiani o fhambanaho a vhutshilo.

Nga u amba mugudi u vha na vhudifhinduleli vhathuni, a dovha hafhu a vha na vhudavhidzani vhu sumbedzaho vhukoni musi e na vhanwe. Izwi zwi vha zwa ndeme vhunga zwi tshi ita vhagudi uri vha bvele phanda na pfunzo dzavho na u kona u shuma

Nga u amba vhagudi vha a kona u davhidzana vhe na vhudifhunduleli na vhukoni nga luambo masiani o fhambanaho a vhutshilo.

Vhagudi vha swika hune vha kona u amba luambo lwa vhuvhili vha sa timatimi, nahone tshi sumbedza vhutali. U kona u swikela izwi ndi nge vhagudi vha tutuwedzwa na u wana zwifhinga thuso.

 

                                                      

 

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 3 (SO3) - U VHALA NA U SEDZULUSA       Ntha

Luambo lwa Hayani (Home Language) Luambo lwo engedzwaho lwa u thoma (First Additional Language)
 

U kona u vhala na u sedzulusa ha vhagudi hu ita uri vha wane mafhungo, vha diphine, vha fhindule nga ndila ya u sengulusa vhudi, mvelelo na u nyanyulea kha manwalwa.

Ndi nga u vhala hune vhathu vha divha u nwala na u vha na ndivho ya u guda vhutshiloni havho hothe. Tshaka dzo fhambanaho dza manwalwa a Afrika Tshipembe na a dzitshakatshaka a tea u vhalwa nga vhagudi. Manwalwa aya a katela a fikishini na a si fikishini.Izwi zwi thusa mveledziso ya luambo, ndivho nyangaredzi na u aluwa ha vhagudi vhone vhane.

 

 

 

U kona u vhala na u sedzulusa ha vhagudi hu ita uri vha wane mafhungo, vha diphine, vha fhindule nga ndila ya u sengulusa vhudi, mvelelo na u nyanyulea kha manwalwa.

U vhala ndi tshithu tshihulwane musi luambo lu tshi bveledzwa na uri ri diphine ngalwo. Ndi nga u vhala hune ra guma ri na ndivho nga zwa lifhasi, ha guma hu tshi khou vha na nyaluwo kha vhagudi.

Ri divha u nwala nga nthani ha uri ra divha u vhala.

 

 

 

 

 

                                                     

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 4 (SO4) - U NWALA                          

Luambo lwa Hayani (Home Language) Luambo lwo engedzwaho lwa u thoma (First Additional Language)
 

Vhagudi vha kona u nwala tshaka dzo fhambanaho dza mafhungo ngoho na a khumbulelwa hu u itela uri vha vhe na ndivho kha zwithu zwo fhambanaho.

Vhudisedzi na u guda na matshilele a vhudavhidzani zwi bveledzwa nga u nwala. U nwala hu dovha hafhu ha vha matshilele a u ita tsedzuluso ya vhukoni ha vhagudi na u vha tshithu tsha vhuthogwa ngauri zwi isa phanda phanda pfunzo vha kona u bveledza mishumo.

 

Vhagudi vha kona u nwala tshaka dzo fhambanaho dza mafhungo ngoho na a khumbulelwa hu u itela uri vha vhe na ndivho kha zwithu zwo fhambanaho.

Vhunga ho bulwa afho ntha kha SO3, u nga si kone u nwala arali u sa divhi u vhala. U nwala na u vhala a zwo ngo fanela u fhandekanywa ngauri ndi yone ndila ya uri mugudi a kone u amba na u bvela phanda. Mugudi u kona u bvela phanda na pfunzo dzawe a vha mudzulapo o bveledzaho.

 

                                                    

 

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 5 (SO5) - U HUMBULA NA U NEA MIHUMBULO

                                                                                                                Ntha

Luambo lwa Hayani (Home Language) Luambo lwo engedzwaho lwa u thoma (First Additional Language)
 

Nga u kona u shumisa luambo ha vhagudi, vha swika hune vha kona humbula, u nea muhumbulo, u swikela maitele na shumisa mafhungo musi vhe ngudoni dzavho.

Vhunga mafhungo a litheresi o bveledza vhutsila vhunzhi ha u humbula, izwi ndi ndila ya u guda na u bveledza mvelelo ya vhutshilo hothe.

 

 

Nga u kona u shumisa luambo ha vhagudi, vha swika hune vha kona humbula, u nea muhumbulo, u swikela maitele na shumisa mafhungo musi vhe ngudoni dzavho.

Vhagudi vha sumbedza vhukoni na maitele a u humbula nga u pfesesa na u tandulula zwitenwa zwi kondaho. Zwi dovha hafhu zwa vha thusa kha u wana vhutanzi kha manwe masia a u guda na u divulela ndila ya kutshilele kwa u dzula vha tshi guda.            

 


 

 

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 6 (SO6) - TSHIVHUMBEO TSHA LUAMBO NA KUSHUMISELE                                                                                 Ntha

Luambo lwa Hayani (Home Language) Luambo lwo engedzwaho lwa u thoma (First Additional Language)
 

Vhagudi vha nga kona u sika mafhungo na u a talutshedza, vha tshi koniswa nga vhutsila ha u shumisa maipfi, mibvumo na luambo (grammar).

Nga murahu ha musi vhagudi vho tandulula ndila ine luambo lwa shuma ngayo, vha swika hune vha kovhana lwone hu u itela uri vha kone u pima mafhungo avho na a vhanwe zwavhudi hu tshi tevhelwa zwine zwa ambwa na vhuronwane.Ndivho iyi vha dovha hafhu vha i shumisa kha u ita liedza na luambo u fhata zwine zwa ambwa.

Vhagudi vha swika hune vha vha na tshenzhemo ya uri luambo lu dzhia tshifhinga u shanduka nahone izwo zwi bvelela vhukati ha mvelele na musi lu tshi shanduka kha masia o fhambanaho a vhutshilo

Vhagudi vha nga kona u sika mafhungo na u a talutshedza, vha tshi koniswa nga vhutsila ha u shumisa maipfi, mibvumo na luambo (grammar).

U vha na ndivho ya vhudi ya girama na divhaipfi ndi zwa vhuthogwa kha u vhala lwa u tou elela, u nwala na tshipitshi. Izwi zwi fanela u gudiswa nga ndila ya u tou angaredza ri tshi khou tanganya u vhala, u amba, u nwala na u thetshelesa.

 

 

 

  

 

 

                 All this info by www.tshivenda.co.za

VHUIMO HA VHUKATI (INTERMEDIATE PHASE)                                               Murahu    

       MANWALWA O THEMENDELWAHO A GIREIDI DZA

                                      4     5   na   6

               MVELELO DZA U GUDA LUAMBO (OUTCOMES)

                                       LO 1       LO 4

                                        LO 2       LO 5

                                                 LO 3       LO 6

 

 

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 1 (SO 1)- U THETSHELESA                

LUAMBO LWA HAYANILUAMBO LWO ENGEDZWAHO LWA U THOMA
U kona u thetshelesa ha vhagudi hu ita uri vha wane mafhungo, vha fhindule nga ndila yo teaho, vha senguluse masia o fhambanaho a vhutshilo na uri vha diphine.

Vhagudi vha sumbedza vhutsila ha u thetshelesa mafhungo malapfu a orala, a tevhelaho milayo na a sa i tevheliho.

 

 

 

 

U kona u thetshelesa ha vhagudi hu ita uri vha wane mafhungo, vha fhindule nga ndila yo teaho, vha senguluse masia o fhambanaho a vhutshilo na uri vha diphine.

Izwi vhagudi vha nga kona u zwi swikela nga u thetshelesa lunzhi arali luambo lwo engedzwaho lu tshi khou ambiwa kha vhuimo ho teaho. Nga u ralo vhagudi vha do vha vha tshi khou sumbedza vhunwe vhukoni ha luambo.

 

 

                                               

 

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 2 (SO2) - U AMBA                                   

LUAMBO LWA HAYANILUAMBO LWO ENGEDZWAHO LWA U THOMA
Nga u amba vhagudi vha a kona u davhidzana vhe na vhudifhunduleli na vhukoni nga luambo masiani o fhambanaho a vhutshilo.

Khaedu nnzhi dzi thoma u vha hone musi mugudi a tshi khou aluwa, dzine dza toda uri a bveledze vhudifhunduleli kha u amba. Mugudi u ya phanda na u bveledzisa vhutsila ha u davhidzana, a vha na vhupfiwa kha phambano dza mvelele dza zwitshavha, a dovha hafhu a guda na ndeme ya nyambo nnzhi.

 

Nga u amba vhagudi vha a kona u davhidzana vhe na vhudifhunduleli na vhukoni nga luambo masiani o fhambanaho a vhutshilo.

Vhagudi vha swika hune vha kona u amba luambo lwa vhuvhili vha sa timatimi, nahone vha tea u badekanya u amba uho na vhunwe vhukoni hothe.

 

 

 

                                             

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 3 (SO3) - U VHALA NA U SEDZULUSA  

LUAMBO LWA HAYANILUAMBO LWO ENGEDZWAHO LWA U THOMA
U kona u vhala na u sedzulusa ha vhagudi hu ita uri vha wane mafhungo, vha diphine, vha fhindule nga ndila ya u sengulusa vhudi, mvelelo na u nyanyulea kha manwalwa.

U vhala ho tandavhuwaho ha manwalwa a Afrika Tshipembe na a lifhasi nga vhuphara zwo lugela nyanyuwo ya nyaluwo ya mugudi, kha mveledziso ya luambo, kha literesi ya u vhala na u nwala, kha u pfesesa zwithu zwa ndeme na kha vhudiphini.

 

 

U kona u vhala na u sedzulusa ha vhagudi hu ita uri vha wane mafhungo, vha diphine, vha fhindule nga ndila ya u sengulusa vhudi, mvelelo na u nyanyulea kha manwalwa.

U vhala ndi thithu tshihulwane musi luambo lu tshi bveledzwa na uri ri diphine ngalwo. Ndi nga vhala hune ra guma ri na ndivho nga zwa lifhasi line ra tshila khalo.

Ri dovha hafhu ra divha u nwala nga nthani ha uri ra divha u vhala.

 

                                                

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 4 (SO4) - U NWALA                             

LUAMBO LWA HAYANILUAMBO LWO ENGEDZWAHO LWA U THOMA
Vhagudi vha kona u nwala tshaka dzo fhambanaho dza mafhungo ngoho na a khumbulelwa hu u itela uri vha vhe na ndivho kha zwithu zwo fhambanaho.

Vhutsila ha vhagudi ha u nwala vhu ya phanda na u bveledzwa, hu u itela ndivho dzo fhambanaho. Afha ndi hune vha thoma u bveledza na u dzudzanya mihumbulo yo teaho kha dzimbuno na manwalwa a vhusiki hu tshi tevhelwa maga a maitele a u nwala.

Vhagudi vha kona u nwala tshaka dzo fhambanaho dza mafhungo ngoho na a khumbulelwa hu u itela uri vha vhe na ndivho kha zwithu zwo fhambanaho.

Vhunga ho bulwa afho ntha kha SO3, u nga si kone u nwala arali u sa divhi u vhala. U nwala na u vhala a zwo ngo fanela u fhandekanywa.

 

 

                                                     

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 5 (SO5) - U HUMBULA NA U NEA MIHUMBULO

                                                                                                              

LUAMBO LWA HAYANILUAMBO LWO ENGEDZWAHO LWA U THOMA
Nga u kona u shumisa luambo ha vhagudi, vha swika hune vha kona humbula, u nea muhumbulo, u swikela maitele na shumisa mafhungo musi vhe ngudoni dzavho.

Vhunzhi ha vhutsila ha u humbula na u nea muhumbulo nga ha mafhungo zwi na ndeme kha maitele othe a u guda na u funza.Izwi zwi tea u tanganywa musi hu tshi funzwa, ho lavheleswa zwiito zwa u tandulula thaidzo na u itela uri ndivho ya pfunzo i re na ndeme i vhonalaho i vhe hone.

Nga u kona u shumisa luambo ha vhagudi, vha swika hune vha kona humbula, u nea muhumbulo, u swikela maitele na shumisa mafhungo musi vhe ngudoni dzavho.

Vhagudi vha sumbedza vhukoni na maitele a u humbula nga u pfesesa na u tandulula zwitenwa zwi kondaho. Izwi zwi dovha hafhu zwa vha thusa kha u wana vhutanzi kha manwe masia a u guda.

 

 

                                           

 

MVELELO YA U GUDA YA 6 (SO6) - TSHIVHUMBEO TSHA LUAMBO NA KUSHUMISELE                                                                                 

LUAMBO LWA HAYANILUAMBO LWO ENGEDZWAHO LWA U THOMA
Vhagudi vha nga kona u sika mafhungo na u a talutshedza, vha tshi koniswa nga vhutsila ha u shumisa maipfi, mibvumo na luambo (grammar).

Nga u kona u vhona uri luambo lu shuma hani, na u bveledza luambo lu shumiswaho nga vhanwe, mugudi u swika hune a kona u sengulusa manwalwa awe ene mune na manwalwa a vhanwe nga u tevhela zwi ambwaho, mishumo yazwo na u vha kha vhutala ho teaho hazwo. Izwi zwi thusa vhagudi uri vha kone u ita maedza a luambo u fhata zwi ambwaho, u vhona uri hu na vhushaka vhukati ha zwine fhungo la amba na zwi re kha mafhungo Musi zwifhinga zwi tshi tandulukana na vhukati ha mvelele, vhagudi vha divha tshanduko ya luambo na kushandukele kwalwo maimoni o fhambanaho

Vhagudi vha nga kona u sika mafhungo na u a talutshedza, vha tshi koniswa nga vhutsila ha u shumisa maipfi, mibvumo na luambo (grammar).

U vha na ndivho ya vhudi ya girama na divhaipfi ndi zwa vhuthogwa kha u vhala, nahone zwi fanela u gudiswa nga ndila ya u tou angaredza ri tshi khou katela u vhala, u amba, u nwala na u thetshelesa.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                       All this info by www.tshivenda.co.za

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